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The meaning and importance of curriculum development is discussed in more detail in two separate sections. Teachers must be involved in curriculum planning and development so that they can implement and modify the curriculum for the benefit of their learners. �V��)_4k����Բ\��w�IK[oX?>��cy�֪��\�3�&�u�|����/C�ƀBII�آ)d:`A���$ � Get access to this section to get all the help you need with your essay and educational goals. Curriculum implementation involves several phases and steps. 0000003388 00000 n In conclusion factors affecting successful implementation are in a systemic relationship: Set of factors “form systems of variables that interact to determine success or failure”  “Single-factor theories of change are doomed to failure. Curriculum can be implemented in two extreme ways; laissez-faire approach or the “let-alone” approach and authoritarian control. However, this paper only tackles three of the factors. 1.1. 0000001504 00000 n This study was aimed at establishing the factors that influence the implementation of curriculum in public primary schools in Ukwala division of Siaya County. For example, home background and learner ability can determine what is actually achieved in the classroom. A contribution to the IIEP Seminar on "The evaluation of the qualitative aspects of education" 30 September - 4 October 1974. curriculum change and implementation requires time, personal interaction, in-service training, and other forms of people-based support (Fullan, 1993). Curriculum implementation refers to how the planned or officially designed course of study is translated by the teacher into syllabuses, schemes of work and lessons to be delivered to students. A very important part of curriculum implementation is that the teacher should consider carefully the order in which learning targets should be learnt. According to Stenhouse “the teacher is the agent in the curriculum implementation process”. For any curriculum to remain relevant and viable, it needs to be periodically (perhaps continuously) reviewed. teaching. Curriculum implementation cannot take place without the learner. CER Project Title: Project Period Goal: An outcome statement that defines what the program intends to accomplish over the project period. implementation of a plan for instruction. Common challenge in curriculum implementation Skills Practiced Defining key concepts - ensure that you can accurately define main terms and phrases, such as curriculum implementation … Implementation takes place as the learner acquires the planned or intended experiences, knowledge, skills, ideas and attitudes that are aimed at enabling the same learner to function effectively in a society. Purpose of Curriculum Design . 0000000856 00000 n 0000003603 00000 n No meaningful teaching and learning can take place without adequate resource materials. $>�����khhzGG�n&u�FAA���C��. 0000000016 00000 n For example, a curriculum without resource materials and facilities cannot be implemented at all. It will serve as the guide in the school year 2020-2021. In some cases, the targets themselves may form a definite sequence or … However, it makes it very profitable for curriculum makers to actively engage in this elusive process of supporting implementation, We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Note that the Google docs. The term has been expanded and today is more widely used in education to mean "a plan for a sustained process of teaching and learning" (Pratt, 1997, p. 5). 0000033191 00000 n Series 3 1 2 3 4 5 Series 1 Series 2 Series 3 2. Their interests vary in degree and complexity. Given the importance of curriculum development in formal education, the curriculum has become a dynamic process due to the changes that occur in our society. Three Recommendations for Greater Reading Proficiency. The skills needed by a graduate, as defined by the expectations of industry, faculty, accreditation organizations, and the students themselves, will change with time. IMPLEMENTING THE CURRICULUM AS A CHANGE PROCESS 1. – provision of technical assistance in school management and curriculum implementation – establishing a conducive physical environment for learners and school workers – sustaining strong and harmonious partnerships and collaboration among stakeholders in order to improve access to and delivery of quality basic education. Implementation is obviously complex: “Even if the need and the idea is right, the sheer complexity of the process of implementation, has, as it were, a sociological mind of its own, which frequently defies management even when all parties have the best of intentions.”. The possible effect or result if the project period goal is achieved. There is no firm of control or monitoring whatsoever. What is Curriculum Implementation. The official curriculum can be quite different from the curriculum that is actually implemented. Solved examples with detailed answer description, explanation are given and it would be easy to understand 0000001953 00000 n The learner is therefore the central figure in the curriculum implementation process. This feature necessitates that the implementation process and its products is monitored as it proceeds, and that the information produced thereby is used for fine-tuning or re-directing the implementation process. There are numerous formats for curriculum models. It is suggested in Curriculum Implementation that the central government must also provide physical facilities such as classrooms, laboratories, workshops, libraries and sports fields in order to create an environment in which implementation can take place. The availability and quality of resource material and the availability of appropriate facilities have a great influence on curriculum implementation. 0000003578 00000 n The discussion … Diagram 1 Diagram 1 illustrates how the components of the curriculum development process relate to one another. 2. While teachers are the arbiters of the classroom practice, the learners hold the key to what is actually transmitted and adopted from the official curriculum. Response to Intervention 0000003413 00000 n 72 28 The complexity of the top curriculum quizzes in diagram 1 illustrates how the components of implementation! 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