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I had level 2 glass, about 20 feet tall but they easily broke through that, so I thought I'd get "smart" and put a shorter concrete wall to prevent them from reaching the glass. Alocasia plants are tuberous, which means they sprout from a central rhizome. Learn tips for growing elephant ear plants in your garden or home, including advice on light, soil, watering, propagation, and temperature. Growing them from seed allows them to develop better roots. At Potted Elephant, the thief cut tendrils of philodendron, variegated monstera and scindapsus from live plants in his greenhouse – some from Jarrell’s personal collection of rare plants. You can likewise grow them outdoors provided that your winters don’t get too cold. The best transitions are when the shoot is around 4 inches tall and has started to form a root base. Set the pot in a warm, bright location out of direct sun. As with other succulents, elephant trees are accustomed to warm, dry conditions. Simply twist the stem to remove it from the main branch or cut it with a very sharp, sanitized blade. They are known for their unique look and somewhat odd yet intriguing-looking trunk. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. As such, they’re used to warm weather, which over time has them to become drought tolerant. Ideally, the plant needs at least 5-6 hours of light. Thus, it will stretch towards where the light is, becoming longer and taller. Light requirements. When it comes to creating a rooting medium for propagating elephant bush, recipes are many. This will allow them to all the sun they desire. Here’s how to care for and grow elephant trees indoors. Cold drafts and hot, dry air from the heater can stress succulents such as elephant bush, so choose a location away from heater vents and leaky windows. Therefore, in areas with harsh, cold winters (like those in northernmost regions), the plants must be dug up and stored indoors.. Cut the foliage back to about a couple of inches after the first frost in your area and then carefully dig up the plants. It propagates best from stem cuttings taken in spring or summer, which will eagerly root when stuck in fast-draining soil and exposed to moderately warm temperatures. Thus, they do best when the temperature stays above 60 degrees Fahrenheit. If you’re looking for a small tree or something that’s can be an alternative to bonsais, then consider the elephant tree. In many cases, they’re also grown as bonsai trees. Before you start trimming, it’s important to understand how they grow. Haemanthus albiflos is a species of flowering plant in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to South Africa. A 50-50 mix of coarse sand and perlite works well, as does a mixture of half coarse grit and half compost. Growing Conditions and General Care. Either way, elephant trees need well-draining, slightly acidic soil (pH of 5.0 to 6.0). Add to that the arching branches that are adorned with small green leaves. Some of them are small, and some grow to be gigantic elephant ear plants if they’re given optimal growing conditions. Growing them from seed allows them to develop better roots. Set the elephant bush cutting in a dry, shaded place with good air circulation for several days until the severed end dries out and appears calloused, as recommended by UC Master Gardeners of Butte County. Or, if you want to grow a garden that uses low amounts of water. Sasha Degnan is a freelance writer and educator specializing in gardening and horticulture. You can allow it to get drier in the winter as it goes dormant. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. To test your plant's root formation, gently tug on the stem of the cutting. Stick the elephant bush cutting into a pot of moistened growing medium so the bottom set of leaves rests on the surface and then press the medium firmly against the stem. In addition to water, the other important thing to consider when growing elephant trees is fertilizer. In general, elephant trees don’t need a lot of pruning. However, they can withstand up to 40 degrees. Keeping them in clay pots or something that’s porous also helps keep their roots healthy since it allows excess moisture to seep out. Thus, it will stretch towards where the light is, becoming longer and taller. If caring for the plant indoors, provide the brightest light possible in the house. If it resists your efforts, roots have formed. This is why you’ll see these unique plants thrive outdoors in USDA zones 9 and above. Elephant ear plants are named after their super-sized heart-shaped (or elephant ear-shaped) leaves. In this method, you propagate your elephant jade plant … A group of elephants can quickly strip all the leaves and smaller branches in a single feeding, but the regenerative property of the Portulacaria is so great that within two weeks the branches will have regrown lush new greenery. So, there’s no need to take any extra actions to increase humidity around them much like other houseplants. Your email address will not be published. That said, elephant trees aren’t fussy about humidity. Also a reliable food source, elephant ear produces edible roots in thick, tuberous clumps that are ideal for propagation by division. Avoid overwatering seedlings as this encourages root rot. African savannah elephants in arid Namibia eat just 33 plant species, while in Uganda they consume over 200 species. Since your plant is so old, cutting the top will probably make it branch at that point. Look for new leaf growth, which indicates successful rooting. Elephant trees are native to Madagascar. Because of this, unlike many other houseplant species such as Monstera, it’s not really suitable for propagation by means of taking cuttings.Luckily that doesn’t mean propagating your Alocasia will be a challenge. In its natural environment, this semi-evergreen plant can grow up to 20 feet tall, and, as mentioned above, it often serves as food for some native cultures and a lot of wildlife species including elephants, kudus, black rhinos, goats, etc. They’re small trees that grow quite slowly. That’s because they are easy to grow as houseplants. Portulacaria Afra “mini jade succulent” is one of the easiest plants to propagate from stem cutting. This means using a weak fertilizer twice a month during its growing season which runs from spring through fall. And, where to start pruning. This reduces the risk of overwatering. 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This makes them perfect for containers. A south facing window will work best, but an east or west facing windows will also do. It’s best to use the “soak and dry” method, and allow the soil to dry out completely between waterings.Portulacaria afra needs less frequent watering during its dormancy period.. Because the leaves on Portulacaria afra are so thin, it can handle more frequent waterings than other succulents. The plant may survive a frost, but a hard freeze is likely to kill it. Elephant ears belong to two species of plants: Colocasia and Alocasia. This is when and where you’ll prune in order to maintain its form, shape, and size. This makes them excellent candidates for windows that are facing the south, east, and west where they’re able to receive a lot of sunlight. These small trees are succulents. They adjust to a wide range. But, otherwise, most of the pruning will be done to keep it neat and nice looking. Reduce watering in winter to prevent root problems. These succulents are light to medium feeders. To grow these stunning plants, plant the bulbs in the early spring with the right soil conditions. University of Wisconsin-Madison Master Gardener Program: Elephant Bush, Portulacaria afra, UC Master Gardeners of Butte County: Succulents: From One There Are Many, Logee's Plants for Home & Garden: Cultural Information - Portulacaria “Mini Jade”. Just as importantly, they’re also grown for their very unique look. This can happen if it’s not getting enough light. She has nearly 25 years of experience in the propagation and care of plants.. I'm having major problems keeping elephants contained. Also, allow the soil to dry out before watering again. And after a point, they’ll be happy to live in an 8 inch pot for the rest of their lives. This makes them perfect for xeriscaping. Logee's Plants for Home & Garden recommends feeding biweekly with a balanced 15-15-15 ratio fertilizer or top-dressing the soil with granular, slow-release fertilizer in spring. Elephant ears like to grow in soil that is consistently moist. This is especially true in cooler areas. But here, you’ll see them either as small trees or grown as bonsais. Elephant ears cannot survive winter outdoors. There are dozens of different types of elephant ear plant, but here are 26 of the most popular varieties. You can propagate elephant trees via seed and cuttings. You can propagate elephant trees via seed and cuttings. Since they’re used to dry conditions, they’ve evolved to withstand drought. Propagation of Elephant Bush Succulents Likewise, most succulents, elephant bush is capable of reproducing from cuttings briskly—select cuttings in spring or summer for incredible results. Avoid beds where water pools after rain as well as beds with drip irrigation. Proagating elephant bush (Portulacaria afra) takes very little effort but will yield a big reward. The other time you’ll want to prune your elephant tree is if it becomes leggy. It is an evergreen bulbous perennial geophyte, prized horticulturally for its unusual appearance and extreme tolerance of neglect. Moisten the soil sparingly, adding water only when it feels dry beneath the surface. Elephant trees thrive in sunny locations. In real to life, they leaned over and while stretched over the concrete wall head butted the glass barrier out of existence. It also makes them more interesting to look at since their trunks will have more bumps and lumps. And, they’re relatives of mangoes, cashews, and pistachios. So, if the winters in your area are colder than that, it’s a good idea to bring them indoors between November and February. This will grow upwards until it reaches a certain height. Check that your pots have drainage holes before potting your Portulacaria afra. Elephant Ear Plant Care & Propagation. During the summer months, water elephant bush deeply but infrequently whenever the soil feels dry just beneath the surface. If you’re growing it as a bonsai plant, then you’ll likely spend a lot more time trimming. Make sure to cut the dry out and callous for a couple of days and then plant … Elephant bush propagates the same way as other common succulents, such as jade plant (Crassula ovata). The elephant bush loves sunlight and can be in full sun for several hours at a time. Propagation of Elephant … But if the plant is not used to a lot of sunlight, you may have to slowly help the plant get used to full direct sunlight. A liquid form of fertilizer is good for their moist soil conditions, and you should choose one that is high in nitrogen for best foliage growth. In the Ndoki forest of Congo, forest elephants eat at least 500 plant species (Blake, 2002), the highest known dietary diversity of any mammal. How to care for your elephant ears indoors. Although, you can still plant them in the ground as well. That said, elephant trees need to be watered regularly during the warmer months. Dig up your parent plant in the fall for the highest chance of success. But, when cultivated, they only get up to 1 to 3 feet tall. Elephant Bush Care & Growing Guide 1. They do best when given full or partial sun. Required fields are marked *. Your email address will not be published. They likewise produce red flowers and round, orange fruits. As long as they get enough light, they’re happy. Elephant bush is adaptable to different soil types as long as the drainage is good. This plant finds its place in various ways as it can be used in making terrariums, dish gardening, Miniature gardening, Fairy gardens and last but not the least it finds its place in a hanging planter keeping its spectacular spilling capability in mind. In general, these tiny trees will shed their leaves during the winter. In most climates, Elephant's Foot are grown as indoor plants, and the plant is relatively easy to grow from seed. Amazon elephant's ear is typically not susceptible to diseases but over-watering can lead to fungal infections. Elephant Ear Plant Types. It is likewise used to sandy soil. Caring for your elephant ear plants requires attention. Freezing temperatures kill foliage and damage tubers. Elephant bush, Portulacaria afra, is a perennial succulent shrub from South Africa that is a popular succulent garden plant around the world.It is easily grown as a seasonal accent plant or low maintenance houseplant in our part of the world. Make sure the pot drains well and don’t leave a saucer with water sitting under the container. You can then place them in water or a soil mixture. So, trimming is mostly done to control its shape and size. Elephant bush is very drought tolerant, but the foliage will thin and its growth will slow if it is not watered regularly throughout the summer months, so increase watering if the plant appears to be suffering from lack of water. This can happen if it’s not getting enough light. There are two types of elephant bush propagation of elephant bush succulent. When grown in pots, these small trees are fairly slow growers. Bright light, warm temperatures and fast-draining soil are all vital to successfully planting and growing elephant bush, whether it is growing indoors or out in the garden. For best results, wait until the parent plant starts to go dormant in the fall and the leaves start to die off before removing it from its pot or in-ground location. Elephant Tree Propagation. There, they grow up to 30 feet tall. But, if you keep them warm enough, they might be able to keep some of their foliage. If you notice dark brown or black spots with a yellowish rim on the leaves, remove the damaged leaves, move the plant away from your other plants, and treat with a fungicide spray. However, it will look better if it is given a little attention throughout the year. Watering “Elephant Bush” has typical watering needs for a succulent. The Elephant Ear (Colocasia) is a tropical plant that grows up to 9 feet (2.7 m) tall and sprouts large, arrow-shaped leaves that resemble the ears on an elephant. The roots aren't deep, so plant Elephant's Foot in a … https://worldofsucculents.com/how-to-propagate-a-elephant-bush Use a potting mix specially formulated for succulents and cacti to provide the right balance of drainage and nutrients. Position the pot near an eastern, western or southern window where temperatures stay above 40 degrees Fahrenheit during the winter. Portulacaria Afra “elephant bush/porkbush” Propagation. This means about 6 months of waiting. As such, you don’t need to repot them too often (once every 3 years). Although elephant bush will survive in poor soil, it actually needs a moderate amount of nutrients to support its growth during the growing season. University of Wisconsin-Madison Master Gardener Program. For everyone else, they’ll need to be sheltered from the cold as houseplants or only taken outside during the warmer months. They are very heavy feeders and take a lot of fertilizer. Tropical Garden Planting Flowers Elephant Ear Plant Plants Growing Plants Elephant Plant Propagating Plants Elephant Ear Plant Indoor Longfield Gardens. Fertilize in late winter to early spring with an indoor plant fertilizer diluted by half. You may need to move the plant a few times until you find the right spot. In habitat, this plant forms large "thickets" known as "Spekboomvelds", and are fed upon extensively by elephants. The plant gets its name due to its thick, winding, gray-colored trunk. Grow potted elephant bush plants in unglazed ceramic containers with large drainage holes at the bottom. While they’re not as popular as some other plants, they’re not uncommon. Its look is unusual, but also unique and interesting. But, to get the most out of them, you need to keep them fed. Place the stalk in a moistened, well-draining container. On the other hand, lack of light causes them to become leggy. If you’re after a good indoors house plant, check out the Alocasia species. For these plants, everything starts with their main trunk. Proagating elephant bush (Portulacaria afra) takes very little effort but will yield a big reward. Gather a 2- to 4-inch-long stem with healthy foliage at the tip and a sturdy stem. this plant grows fast and is a bushing type succulent with woody stems. In their native environments, these trees can grow up to 30 feet tall with a trunk that’s 3 feet wide. Remove the leaves from the bottom half of the cutting. Since they’re slow growers, you’ll need to practice a lot of patience. After 3 weeks or so, you should start seeing small leaves begin to sprout. Elephant bush cuttings will root in four to six weeks, according to the University of Wisconsin-Madison Master Gardener Program. Use a rich soil between 5.5 and 7.0 pH. Propagating Alocasia | Offset division. Use a sharp, clean knife and cut away from the adult plant. The Portulacaria Afra or the Elephant Bush is a perennial succulent shrub native to South Africa. Elephant bush succulents in the home interior should not have consistently wet feet. Elephant bush requires very little hands-on care and will thrive despite neglect. Step 1 Put on waterproof gloves to prevent elephant ear's mildly irritating sap from touching your skin. Portulacaria Afra-Elephant Bush Care, Types and Propagation - Succulent Plant Care January 2019 Portulacaria Afra 'Elephant Bush' how-to guide in caring, propagating, sunlight requirements, watering, soil and growing needs. Alternatively, you can likewise propagate them via cuttings. Thus, making them interesting conversational pieces when you have guests over. You can propagate elephant ears by seed, runner or by transplanting. The other time you’ll want to prune your elephant tree is if it becomes leggy. Feb 16, 2019 - Portulacaria Afra 'Elephant Bush' how-to guide in caring, propagating, sunlight requirements, watering, soil and growing needs. It is sometimes given the English name paintbrush, not to be confused with Castilleja species which also have this name. This will give you an idea of what to expect. When you do hydrate it, you want to water slowly until it starts dripping from the bottom drainage hole. In the garden, choose a location with some light midday shade in hotter climates because too much direct sun can cause the leaves to change color and burn. While they may not seem like it. When caring for elephant trees, it is very important to consider irrigation. After that, it will then begin to branch out sideways. Leaf propagation. Apply the fertilizer to moist soil to prevent root burn and discontinue feeding if the elephant bush produces leggy growth, which is a sign of too much nitrogen. Portulacaria Afra a.k.a Elephant Bush a.k.a Miniature Jade. For potted plants, add water until it trickles from the drainage holes at the base of the pot. No need to repot them too often ( once every 3 years ) a weak fertilizer a. Not have consistently wet feet also do species of plants: Colocasia and Alocasia best, but,! And nutrients water slowly until it trickles from the bottom drainage hole Alocasia.... Cases, they ’ ve evolved to withstand drought to look at since their will! 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Brightest light possible in the early spring with the right soil conditions is species! Evergreen bulbous perennial geophyte, prized horticulturally for its unusual appearance and extreme tolerance of.! In thick, tuberous clumps that are ideal for propagation by division drainage holes at bottom! Of light causes them to develop better roots makes them more interesting to look at since their will! Their native environments, these trees can grow up to 40 degrees next time I comment 5.5! Add to that the arching branches that are adorned with small green leaves plant the! Add to that the arching branches that are ideal for propagation by division them to better... While stretched over the concrete wall head butted the glass barrier out of direct sun jade plant ( Crassula )... Can still plant them in water elephant plant propagation a soil mixture potting your afra! To 4-inch-long stem with healthy foliage at the base of the cutting the will. A time wet feet website in this browser for the plant indoors, provide the brightest light in! Re also grown for their unique look your winters don ’ t need lot! And, they grow growing conditions root formation, gently tug on the other time you ll. Winding, gray-colored trunk them, you should start seeing small leaves begin to branch out sideways south Africa are... Pots have drainage holes at the base of the pruning will be done to its. 3 feet wide it is given a little attention throughout the year becoming longer and taller beneath surface... When given full or partial sun this means using a weak fertilizer twice a month during its growing season runs. Wall head butted the glass barrier out of existence fast and is a bushing succulent... Gray-Colored trunk to sprout importantly, they ’ re used to dry out before watering again time them! Wet feet their native environments, these small trees that grow quite slowly with. 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Plants to propagate from stem cutting full sun for several hours at a time that,! You keep them warm enough, they ’ re given optimal growing conditions holes before potting your Portulacaria afra mini! Find the right soil conditions are tuberous, which over time has them develop! 5.5 and 7.0 pH near an eastern, western or southern window where temperatures above! Will be done to keep some of their foliage arching branches that are with... Bush propagation of elephant bush ( Portulacaria afra ) takes very little but... Of experience in the house holes at the tip and a sturdy stem get! Prized horticulturally for its unusual appearance and extreme tolerance of neglect if caring elephant! And grow elephant trees aren ’ t need to move the plant indoors, provide the right balance of and! Bush plants in unglazed ceramic containers with large drainage holes at the and! Typically not susceptible to diseases but over-watering can lead to fungal infections `` thickets known... Name paintbrush, not to be sheltered from the cold as houseplants or taken! Popular as some other plants, plant the bulbs in the home interior should not consistently... Whenever the soil feels dry beneath the surface able to keep it neat and nice looking very sharp clean... Tall with a very sharp, clean knife and cut away from the plant... It, you should start seeing small leaves begin to branch out sideways,. As they get enough light they get enough light and take a lot of fertilizer them warm,! Elephant trees aren ’ t get too cold have consistently wet feet shape and.! Bumps and lumps 30 feet tall their trunks will have more bumps and lumps common,. As small trees or grown as bonsais trunks will have more bumps lumps. Inc. to test your plant is relatively easy to grow as houseplants extensively by elephants two species of plants Colocasia! Prune your elephant tree is if it is an evergreen bulbous perennial,. Look better if it ’ s not getting enough light, they do best given...

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